Ubuntu: Install Nemo file manager

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/installit/master/install.nemo.sh -O - | bash -

#!/bin/bash

sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:webupd8team/nemo
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y nemo

Links
http://www.webupd8.org/2013/10/install-nemo-with-unity-patches-and.html

Boot iPXE from harddisc (Network booting from GRUB using iPXE)

wget -q https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/preseed/master/ipxe/scripts/install_grub_ipxe.sh -O - | bash -

#!/bin/bash

# ensure that this script is run as root
if [ $(id -u) -ne 0 ]; then
  sudo $0
  exit
fi

# download GRUB iPXE boot image
wget -q http://dl.panticz.de/ipxe/ipxe.lkrn -O /boot/ipxe.lkrn

# create GRUB menu entry
wget -q https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/preseed/master/ipxe/scripts/grub/49_ipxe -O /etc/grub.d/49_ipxe 
chmod a+x /etc/grub.d/49_ipxe

# update GRUB config
. /etc/os-release
case ${ID} in
  centos|fedora)
    grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
  ;;
  debian|ubuntu)
    update-grub
  ;;
  *)
    echo "Distribution not supported. Please upgrade grub configuration manually"
esac

Links
http://packages.ubuntu.com/de/vivid/grub-ipxe
http://ipxe.org/embed

Install LXC (Linux Containers) under Ubuntu

Installation
http://www.panticz.de/install_lxc

Create container
export LANG=en_US.UTF-8
export CONTAINER=wheezy

sudo sudo lxc-destroy -n ${CONTAINER}
sudo lxc-create -t debian -n ${CONTAINER}
sudo lxc-start -d -n ${CONTAINER}

echo 'Acquire::http::Proxy "http://apt-cacher:3142/";' | sudo tee /var/lib/lxc/${CONTAINER}/rootfs/etc/apt/apt.conf

sudo lxc-attach -n ${CONTAINER} -- apt-get clean
sudo lxc-attach -n ${CONTAINER} -- apt-get update
sudo lxc-attach -n ${CONTAINER} -- apt-get dist-upgrade -y

Create CentOS 6 DomU

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/xen/master/domains/centos.6.sh -O - | bash -

#!/bin/bash

#
# IP    : dhcp
# user  : root
# pass  : t00r
#

#
# TODO
# use separate partitions for root (/dev/vg0/centos6-disk) and swap (/dev/vg0/centos6-swap) instead of harddisk image
#

# create disk
lvcreate --name centos6-disk --size 8G vg0

# download installation kernel and initrd
[ -d /tmp/centos6 ] || mkdir /tmp/centos6
wget -q http://mirror.netcologne.de/centos/6/os/x86_64/images/pxeboot/initrd.img -O /tmp/centos6/initrd.img
wget -q http://mirror.netcologne.de/centos/6/os/x86_64/images/pxeboot/vmlinuz -O /tmp/centos6/vmlinuz

# create installation configuration
cat <<EOF> /tmp/centos6-inst
kernel      = '/tmp/centos6/vmlinuz'
ramdisk     = '/tmp/centos6/initrd.img'
memory      = '512'
disk        = [ 'phy:/dev/vg0/centos6-disk,xvda,w' ]
name        = 'centos6-inst'
dhcp        = 'dhcp'
vif         = [ 'mac=00:00:00:00:ce:ce' ]
on_poweroff = 'destroy'
on_reboot   = 'destroy'
on_crash    = 'destroy'
extra       = "text ip=dhcp ks=http://preseed.panticz.de/preseed/centos6-minimal.cfg"
EOF

# install
xm create -c /tmp/centos6-inst

# create CenOS 6 configuration
cat <<EOF> /etc/xen/centos6
bootloader  = "/usr/lib/xen-4.1/bin/pygrub"
memory      = '512'
disk        = [ 'phy:/dev/vg0/centos6-disk,xvda,w' ]
name        = 'centos6'
dhcp        = 'dhcp'
vif         = [ 'mac=00:00:00:00:ce:ce' ]
on_poweroff = 'destroy'
on_reboot   = 'restart'
on_crash    = 'restart'
EOF

# OPTIONAL: add to autostart
ln -s /etc/xen/centos6 /etc/xen/auto/centos6

# start CenOS 6
xm create -c centos6

Links
http://www.centos.org/docs/5/html/Installation_Guide-en-US/s1-kickstart2-startinginstall.html

Create IPfire DomU (firewall)

Check for latest IPFire version
http://downloads.ipfire.org/

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/xen/master/domains/ipfire.sh -O - | bash -

#!/bin/bash

URL=http://downloads.ipfire.org/releases/ipfire-2.x/2.15-core79/ipfire-2.15.xen.i586-downloader-core79.tar.bz2

# download
wget -q ${URL} -O - | tar -C /tmp -xjf -
bash /tmp/ipfire/xen-image-maker.sh

# copy data to lvm
mkdir -p /tmp/ipfire/mnt/

# copy boot filesystem
lvcreate --name fw-boot --size 256M vg0
mkfs.ext2 /dev/vg0/fw-boot
#mount /tmp/ipfire/ipfire-boot.img /tmp/ipfire/mnt/ -o loop
mount ipfire-boot.img /tmp/ipfire/mnt/ -o loop
mount /dev/vg0/fw-boot /mnt/
cp -a  /tmp/ipfire/mnt/* /mnt/
umount /tmp/ipfire/mnt/
umount /mnt/

# copy root filesystem
lvcreate --name fw-root --size 2G vg0
mkfs.ext4 /dev/vg0/fw-root
#mount /tmp/ipfire/ipfire-root.img /tmp/ipfire/mnt/ -o loop
mount ipfire-root.img /tmp/ipfire/mnt/ -o loop
mount /dev/vg0/fw-root /mnt/
cp -a  /tmp/ipfire/mnt/* /mnt/
umount /tmp/ipfire/mnt/
umount /mnt/

# copy var filesystem
lvcreate --name fw-var --size 2G vg0
mkfs.ext4 /dev/vg0/fw-var
#mount /tmp/ipfire/ipfire-var.img /tmp/ipfire/mnt/ -o loop
mount ipfire-var.img /tmp/ipfire/mnt/ -o loop
mount /dev/vg0/fw-var /mnt/
cp -a  /tmp/ipfire/mnt/* /mnt/
umount /tmp/ipfire/mnt/
umount /mnt/

# create swap
lvcreate --name fw-swap --size 1G vg0
mkswap /dev/vg0/fw-swap


# clean up
rm -r /tmp/ipfire*

# create xen config file
cat <<EOF> /etc/xen/fw
bootloader = '/usr/lib/xen-4.1/bin/pygrub'
memory = 512
name = 'fw'
acpi = 1
apic = 1
vif = [ 'mac=00:17:4e:be:b1:ba' ]
disk = [
    'phy:/dev/vg0/fw-boot,xvda1,w',
    'phy:/dev/vg0/fw-swap,xvda2,w',
    'phy:/dev/vg0/fw-root,xvda3,w',
    'phy:/dev/vg0/fw-var,xvda4,w'
]
pci = ['00:0c.0']
extra = 'iommu=soft'
EOF

# OPTIONAL: autostart
ln -s /etc/xen/fw /etc/xen/auto/01_fw

# TODO (automate)
rmmod e100
rmmod xen-pciback
modprobe xen-pciback 'hide=(00:0c.0)'
xm pci-list-assignable-devices

# start domU
xm create -c fw

# OPTIONAL
sed -i 's|phy:/dev/vg0/fw-|file:/root/ipfire-|g' /etc/xen/fw
sed -i 's|,xvda|.img,xvda|g' /etc/xen/fw

# configure ipfire in terminal

# webinterface
https://YOUR_DOMU_IP:444

# Links
http://wiki.ipfire.org/de/addons/virtualisation/howto/debian_wheezy_xen_4.1?&#debian_wheezy_mit_xen_41_als_dom0
http://wiki.ipfire.org/de/addons/virtualisation/howto/debian_als_dom0_xen#xen_und_kernel_installieren
http://wiki.ipfire.org/de/addons/virtualisation/howto/debian_xen_4.x

Magento Cache

get all cache types
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->getTypes();

types
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('config');
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('layout');
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('block_html');
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('translate');
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('collections');
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('eav');
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('config_api');

clear cache
Mage::app()->cleanCache();

Magento: Update free shipping

PHP script (/root/scripts/set_free_shipping.sh)

#!/usr/bin/php
<?php
if(count($_SERVER['argv']) > 1) {
    $value=$_SERVER['argv'][1];
    
    require '/var/www/app/Mage.php';
    Mage::app(0);

    $config = new Mage_Core_Model_Config();
    $config->saveConfig('carriers/flatrate/active', $value, 'default', 0);
    $config->saveConfig('carriers/matrixrate/active', !$value, 'default', 0);

    Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('config');
} else {
    echo "Usage: " . $_SERVER['argv'][0] . " 0|1\n";
}
?>

Cronjob (/etc/cron.d/newyear)
0 0 1 1 * root /root/scripts/set_free_shipping.sh 0

Magento: Update footer copyright year

PHP script (/root/scripts/update_copyright_year.php)

#!/usr/bin/php
<?php
require '/var/www/app/Mage.php';
Mage::app(0);
  
# update configuration
$config = new Mage_Core_Model_Config();
$config->saveConfig('design/footer/copyright', '&copy; ' . date("Y") . ' YOUR COMPANY INC.', 'default', 0);

# refresh cache
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('config');
sleep(1);
Mage::app()->getCacheInstance()->cleanType('block_html');
?>

Cronjob (/etc/cron.d/newyear)
0 0 1 1 * root /root/scripts/update_copyright_year.php

Use in CMS block
{{config path='design/footer/copyright'}}

Dep: Update by SQL
update core_config_data
set value = CONCAT('© ', YEAR(CURDATE()), ' YOUR COMPANY INC.')
where path = 'design/footer/copyright';

Links
http://www.panticz.de/Magento-Cache

ZyXEL NSA320

enable telnet
login as admin
http://192.168.2.127/r38571,/adv,/cgi-bin/remote_help-cgi?type=backdoor
telnet 192.168.2.127
root
YOUR_PASS

USB TTL to NSA-320
http://dl.panticz.de/hardware/zyxel_nsa320/nsa320_usb_ttl.jpg

install ssh
wget ftp://ftp.zyxel-tech.de/2.new_mirror/NSA310/4.40/zypkg/web_prefix -O /i-data/d154583a/admin/zy-pkgs/web_prefix
# firmware / package / reload
# install ffp
/i-data/d154583a/admin/zy-pkgs/ffp/ffp.log

#
# NEW
#

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