Ubuntu

Official Archive Mirrors for Ubuntu
https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archivemirrors
http://mirrors.ubuntu.com/

Install Gnome Fallback (Classic)
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/installit/master/install.gnome-fallback.sh -O - | bash -

Ubuntu Apps Directory Online
https://apps.ubuntu.com/cat/

Switch back to Gnome
sudo /usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm-set-defaults -s gnome-fallback

Remove old kernel
apt-get remove linux-headers-3.2.0-40 linux-headers-3.2.0-40-generic linux-image-3.2.0-40-generic

Install new kernel
apt-get install -y --reinstall linux-image-generic linux-firmware linux-headers-generic

Enable WIFI
sudo rmmod iwl3945
sudo rfkill unblock all
sudo modprobe iwl3945
sudo rfkill list all

Nautilus menu: create new blank file
mkdir -p ~/.config/nautilus/templates
~/.config/nautilus/templates/Empty
sed -i 's|XDG_TEMPLATES_DIR="\$HOME/.*"|XDG_TEMPLATES_DIR="\$HOME/.config/nautilus/templates"|g' ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs

Links
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Lubuntu/AdvancedMethods#Pentium_M_and_Celeron_M - Advanced usage with old processors (without PAE support)
http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/Hardwaredatenbank - Hardware compatibility database
ubuntuusers.de - German Ubuntu portal
medibuntu.org - additional (non free) multimedia packages for Ubuntu
https://bugs.launchpad.net/~panticz.de - My profile
http://www.webupd8.org/2011/04/things-to-tweak-fix-after-installing.html - Unity tweaks

Download
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/daily-live/current/ - Ubuntu LiveCD Daily Build
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/jeos/releases/ - JeOS, Ubuntu optimised for virtualisation (Just Enough Operating System)

Fonts
User fonts: ~/.fonts/
System fonts: /usr/local/share/fonts/

# rebuild font cache (for user or system) after copy new font files
fc-cache

Add repository
sudo apt-add-repository universe

APT download only
apt-get upgrade -y --download-only

Upgrade to next version
https://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/Upgrade_Trusty_auf_Xenial/

Ubuntu
Testing
Daily Build
HowTo
Ubuntu CD customization - HowTo create your own Ubuntu CD
http://torrent.ubuntu.com:6969/ - Ubuntu torrents
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/MinimalCD
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/BootToRAM
https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootOptions - Boot options
http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/aptitude
http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/Empathy

files
/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules - network interface config
/etc/lsb-release - release info

additional repository
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-proposed restricted main multiverse universe
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu hardy partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu hardy partner

Automount
http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/Autostart

Packages
http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/Seahorse - GNOME Keyring

get release name
lsb_release -s -c

32 and 64 bit on same CD
label live64
menu label Ubuntu 64 Bit
kernel /casper/vmlinuz64
append file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd64.lz iso-scan/filename=/ubuntu/ubuntu-12.04-dvd-amd64.iso quiet splash --
label live
menu label Ubuntu 32 Bit
kernel /casper/vmlinuz32
append file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd32.lz iso-scan/filename=/ubuntu/ubuntu-12.04-dvd-i386.iso quiet splash --

Boot parameter
only-ubiquity - start Ubuntu installer only

Mozilla, view installed plugins
about:plugins

Wallpapers
http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/60-most-execellent-ubuntu-wallpapers/

fix print dialog delay in ubuntu (slow print box evince)
sed -i 's|Listen /var/run/cups/cups.sock|#Listen /var/run/cups/cups.sock|g' /etc/cups/cupsd.conf

fix indicator applet
apt-get remove indicator-applet
apt-get install indicator-messages
apt-get remove -y indicator-me
apt-get remove -y indicator-messages

ToDo
indicator-applet-session

Ubuntu Remix
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-netbook-remix/daily-live/current/
https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UNR
http://www.canonical.com/projects/ubuntu/unr

create default user

usermod -a -G adm ${USER}
usermod -a -G cdrom ${USER}
usermod -a -G sudo ${USER}
usermod -a -G dip ${USER}
usermod -a -G plugdev ${USER}
usermod -a -G lpadmin ${USER}
usermod -a -G sambashare ${USER}
chsh -s /bin/bash

Configure console / keyboard
sed -i 's|XKBLAYOUT="us"|XKBLAYOUT="de"|g' /etc/default/keyboard
dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration

Old Releases (EOL)
# https://help.ubuntu.com/community/EOLUpgrades
sudo sed -i 's|de.archive|old-releases|g' /etc/apt/sources.list
OR?
sudo sed -i 's|old-releases|archive|g' /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid main restricted universe
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ intrepid-updates main restricted universe

Gnome Nautilus Bookmarks
# create ssh bookmark
echo "sftp://root@www.example.com/ www.example.com" >> /home/${USER}/.config/gtk-3.0/bookmarks

Audio Equalizer
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/panticz/installit/master/install.pulseaudio-equalizer.sh

# fix: "ping: icmp open socket: Operation not permitted"
sudo chmod u+s /bin/ping

Game
http://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/Spiele
http://liflg.org/
http://freeciv.wikia.com/ - Freeciv: Free empire-building strategy game
http://play.freeciv.org/ - Freeciv HTML5 Online Version!
http://www.pro-linux.de/spiele/ - Overview games for linux

LTS
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/de/timeline/fc89433ff6b1de3cecae092ac2f40762.png

CLI
snap find
snap install
ubuntu-support-status --show-unsupported